Therefore, we speculate that nuclear CD26 may serve mainly because a brake about tumor growth. cells/well in 96-well plates. Proliferation was measured 24 hours after treatment with murine control mouse IgG1 or 1F7 (2 g/mL), in triplicate for each condition, using cell counting reagent, as explained in the MATERIALS AND METHODS. The cell viability percentage was determined as the percentage absorbance of cells treated with 1F7 relative to that of cells treated with IgG1. Data are means SD from three self-employed experiments. * P 0.025.(TIF) pone.0062304.s001.tif (282K) GUID:?2A62DCE6-87F2-4F81-B295-B8CEE0971061 Number S2: Nuclear Localization of Various CD26 Constructs in Several Tumor Cell Lines. (A) Jurkat/CD26 cells treated with mouse control IgG1 or 1F7 (2 g/mL) for 1 hour were fractionated into membrane, cytoplasmic, and nuclear fractions, as explained in the MATERIALS AND METHODS. Each portion was subjected to immunoblot analysis with antibody to CD26. Nuc, nuclear portion. Mem, membrane portion. (B) Hepatocellular carcinoma Li7 cells transiently expressing each flag-tagged construct were treated with control IgG1 or YS110 (2 g/mL) for 3 hours, then subjected to subcellular fractionation, followed by immunoblot analysis with antibodies to Flag, Na+/K+ ATPase (like a cytosolic marker), and lamin A/C (like a nuclear marker). Nuc, nuclear portion. Mem, membrane portion.(TIF) pone.0062304.s002.tif (555K) GUID:?AB5E606D-0868-4C39-97BC-F523490F9638 Figure S3: Nuclear Observation of Various CD26 Constructs in Several Cancer Cell Lines. (A) Confocal visualization of GFP-CD26wt, GFP-CD267C766, and GFP-CD261C629 in HEK 293 cells, treated or not treated with Alexa-YS110 for 5 minutes. Co-localization of GFP-CD261C629 with YS110 (reddish) appears as yellow. Level bars, 10 m. (B) Confocal Rabbit Polyclonal to TAS2R12 visualization of GFP-CD26wt and GFP-CD261C629 in JMN cells incubated with or without Alexa-YS110 (2 g/mL) for 30 minutes before fixation. Each GFP is definitely demonstrated in green, YS110 is definitely shown in reddish, and the nucleus is definitely demonstrated in blue (Hoechst 33342). Co-localization of GFP-CD26wt and YS110 in the nucleus appears C25-140 as white in the boxed region. Scale bars, 10 m.(TIF) pone.0062304.s003.tif (1.5M) GUID:?0F922816-D604-453C-B68C-7E81E6C1E41A Number S4: Nuclear Transport of CD26 Constructs Preferentially Expressed in the Cell-Surface in Jurkat/CD26 Cells. (A) Cell surface proteins on Jurkat/CD26 cells were biotinylated using NHS-biotin, treated with control IgG1 or 1F7 (2 g/mL) for the indicated instances, and then fractionated into three cellular fractions. Components of each portion were immunoprecipitated with antibody to CD26, and subjected to immunoblot analysis using streptavidin. The relative intensities of the streptavidin bands in the nuclear (remaining panels) and membrane (right panels) fractions were assessed by densitometry. Data are means SD from three self-employed experiments. Nuc, nuclear portion. Mem, membrane portion. (B) Cell surface-biotinylated Jurkat/CD26 cells were treated with control IgG1, 1F7, or 5F8 (2 g/mL) for 1 hour before subcellular fractionation. Components of the membrane and nuclear fractions were immunoprecipitated with CD26 and subjected to immunoblot analysis with streptavidin. A representative immunoblot and the related quantification are demonstrated.(TIF) pone.0062304.s004.tif (656K) GUID:?6E6D9EB3-3C1F-4D72-923B-3B7CCADF10E0 Figure S5: Involvement of the C25-140 Caveolin-Dependent Endocytic Pathway in the Nuclear Localization of YS110. (A) JMN cells were treated with both Alexa-YS110 and Alexa-CtxB (2 g/mL) for 10 or 30 minutes, fixed, and then stained with Hoechst 33342. The connection of Alexa-YS110 and Alexa-CtxB (boxed areas) is definitely shown at higher magnification in the medium size images. Level bars, 10 C25-140 m. (B) JMN cells were pretreated with chlorpromazine, an inhibitor for clathrin pathway, (10 g/mL) for 30 minutes prior to treatment with Alexa-YS110 for 30 min. Endocytosis and nuclear localization of Alexa-YS110 (arrows) were observed by confocal fluorescence microscopy. (C) Immunofluorescence staining for YS110 (reddish), early endosome antigen (EEA) 1 (green), and Hoechst 33342 (blue) in fixed JMN cells, following treatment with Alexa-YS110 for 10 or 30 minutes. The boxed region in the panel shows co-localization of Alexa-YS110 with EEA1 in the nucleus (white) at high magnification. Level bars, 10 m. (D) Immunoelectron microscopic exam showed co-localization of EEA1 and YS110 in the nucleus of JMN cells. The arrow and arrowhead indicate EEA1 (15 nm) and YS110 (30 nm), respectively. C25-140 Level pub, 200 nm. Cy, cytoplasm; Nu, nucleus. (E) JMN cells were transfected with GFP-Rab5Awt or GFP-Rab5AS34N. Each transfectant was treated with Alexa-YS110 for 30 minutes, fixed, then stained with Hoechst 33342. Localization of Alexa-YS110 (reddish) in the nucleus (blue) is definitely indicated by arrows. Level bars, 10 m.(TIF) pone.0062304.s005.tif (2.7M) GUID:?A3824BEC-51E0-4538-87DD-3BF94D461512 Number S6: Inhibition of Tumor Growth by YS110 Treatment inside a C25-140 Malignant Mesothelioma Xenograft Model. Macroscopic images of tumors on chest.